JOSEPHSON, BRIAN DAVID


JOSEPHSON, BRIAN DAVID
JOSEPHSON, BRIAN DAVID (1940– ), British physicist. Josephson was born in Cardiff, Wales, where he was a brilliant pupil. He studied physics at Cambridge, receiving his doctorate in 1964. In 1962, at the age of only 22, he discovered the Josephson effect, showing the special characteristics of tunneling between superconductors, which led to the attainment at IBM of switching speeds up to 100 times faster than those obtained with conventional chips and incomparably greater data-processing capabilities. In the same year he was made a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, subsequently becoming assistant director of research and reader in physics at the university and professor in 1974. He was appointed a fellow of the Royal Society in 1970. In 1969, he received a $10,000 Research Corporation award for his outstanding contribution to science and, in 1973, was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics (jointly with Dr. Ivar Giaever and Dr. Leon Esaki), one of the youngest men ever to receive this award.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Josephson , Brian David — (1940–) British physicist Josephson was born in Cardiff and educated at Cambridge University, where he obtained his PhD in 1964. He remained at Cambridge and in 1974 was appointed to a professorship of physics. His name is associated with the… …   Scientists

  • Brian David Josephson — (* 4. Januar 1940 in Cardiff/Wales) ist ein britischer Physiker Josephson entdeckte als 23 jähriger Doktorand den nach ihm benannten Josephson Effekt. Für diese Arbeit seine theoretische Vorhersage von Eigenschaften bei einer Supraströmung durch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brian David Josephson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Josephson. Brian David Josephson Brian David Josephson (4 janvier 1940 ) est un physicien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brian David Josephson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Brian David Josephson (Cardiff, País de Gales 1940) es un físico británico galés galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Física del año 1973. Biografía Brian nació el 4 de enero de 1940 en la ciudad de Cardiff. Se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Brian David Josephson — Infobox Scientist name = Brian Josephson imagesize=160px caption = birth date = birth date and age|1940|01|04 birth place = Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom nationality = United Kingdom field = Physics work institutions = University of Cambridge,… …   Wikipedia

  • Josephson, Brian D. — ▪ British physicist in full  Brian David Josephson  born Jan. 4, 1940, Cardiff, Glamorgan, Wales       British physicist whose discovery of the Josephson effect while a 22 year old graduate student won him a share (with Leo Esaki (Esaki, Leo) and …   Universalium

  • Josephson — Brian David …   Scientists

  • Josephson's — Josephson , Brian David …   Scientists

  • Brian Davon Josephson — Brian David Josephson (* 4. Januar 1940 in Cardiff/Wales) ist ein britischer Physiker Josephson entdeckte als 23 jähriger Doktorand den nach ihm benannten Josephson Effekt. Für diese Arbeit seine theoretische Vorhersage von Eigenschaften bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brian Josephson — Brian David Josephson Pour les articles homonymes, voir Josephson. Brian David Josephson (4 janvier 1940 ) est un physicien britannique, qui reçut le prix Nobel de physique en 1973, avec Leo Esaki et Ivar Giaever. Il a découvert un effet qui… …   Wikipédia en Français